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A new general medical journal for the 21st centrury, focusing on innovation in health and medical research
i-JMR is a general medical journal with a focus on innovation in health, health care, and medicine - through new medical techniques and innovative ideas and/or research, including—but not limited to—technology, clinical informatics, sociotechnical and organizational health care innovations, or groundbreaking research.
Published by JMIR Publications, publisher of JMIR, the leading eHealth/mHealth journal (Impact Factor 2017: 4.671), i-JMR is a JMIR "sister journal" with a projected impact factor of about 2.03 (2016) which features a rapid and thorough peer-review process, professional copyediting, professional production of PDF, XHTML, and XML proofs.
i-JMR is indexed in PubMed and archived in PubMed Central.
i-JMR is also indexed in Clarivate Analytics (formerly the IP and Science Division of Thomson Reuters) new Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI).
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Background: The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has increased rapidly in the last few decades due to the combination of biopsychosocial and environmental factors. Mobile phones, tablets a...
Background: The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has increased rapidly in the last few decades due to the combination of biopsychosocial and environmental factors. Mobile phones, tablets and others electronic gadgets have transformed our communication, health care and learning. The appropriate use of these devices may benefit the learning of the children with ASD. Objective: This research aims to find out how smart mobile phones and tablets can be used as a tool to potentiate the learning of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Rwanda. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted from January 2017 to August 2017. Researchers conducted five Focus Group Discussions (FGD) with 56 participants from different background: teacher, school manager, parent, students with ASD, specialist in autism and special education. Each of the FGD took approximately two hours. A pre-defined set of open-ended questions were selected to evaluate the people’s perception regarding assistive technologies used in ASD, ongoing activities, future implementation, the upcoming challenges and opportunities to use technology-based care to improve lives of persons with ASD. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. Results: In the interviews the school managers suggested that the integration of ICT tools will be helpful to educate the children with ASD. The performance of the children with autism in using the cognitive application appeared. The parents of children with ASD reported that their children were more interested in watching television, playing digital games, and drawing objects using gadgets than the real world. Conclusions: This research supports the perception of integrating of smart gadgets in the Rwandan educational system as a potential solution to support and build the competency of children with ASD. Increasing social awareness of ASD and enhancing the motivation of Rwandan teachers would help to reduce the stigma of ASD among families and communities in Rwanda. However, the domain of ASD and the use of ICT need further research on program implementation and evaluation in a larger population sample.
Background: Engagement strategies used within the NHS, to reach out to the public and internal stakeholders, have continuously changed over time. Communication with each other is happening through mo...
Background: Engagement strategies used within the NHS, to reach out to the public and internal stakeholders, have continuously changed over time. Communication with each other is happening through more user-generated information being shared through social media (SM). The advent of SM has shifted the information-seeking behaviour of society, including healthcare. The ability of SM to engage people in the community and overcome traditional separation barriers gives SM the invaluable power of helping in the transition towards a more community and prevention focused health care delivery involving multiple stakeholders. Objective: A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted to explore how SM is currently being used in the NHS using current literature. This was under the general theme of use of SM in the NHS, and strategies to engage the public in the NHS. Methods: Literature searches were performed in PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE between 2004-2017. The relevance of articles were screening using a pre decided inclusion and exclusion criteria. The papers included were critically appraised using the PRISMA Statement. Two separate search strings were created to cover both SM use in the NHS and engagement strategies in the NHS. Results: The search string yielded 3145 papers in total. After screening by initial limits, de-duplicating, screening by title, abstract and inclusion/exclusion criteria, a total of 55 papers were reached. These were all critically appraised and were divided based on the theme they covered. The themes found amongst these 55 papers were use of SM in: the NHS, nursing, healthcare research, conferences, gaining insights to patient perspectives and trends, recruitment, patient and medical education, successful Twitter campaigns and engaging patients. Conclusions: Literature has shown two main views apparent on the use of SM in the NHS. The effectiveness of SM use in the NHS is uncertain, but SM specific uses acknowledges the potential of SM in engaging with the public and therefore helping to achieve the ambitious Five Year Forward View. Whilst limited, the literature has shown that SM in NHS has been used in research, conferences, and education of other doctors and patients. Engagement strategies in the NHS have mostly taken the form of awareness campaigns in key areas, such as lung cancer, nutrition and antibiotics use. 22% (12/55 papers) shows that the use of SM in the NHS has still far to go before it achieves full implementation and utilization.
Background: The idea of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has a long history. It turned out, however, that reaching intelligence at human levels is more complicated. Currently we are experiencing a renewed...
Background: The idea of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has a long history. It turned out, however, that reaching intelligence at human levels is more complicated. Currently we are experiencing a renewed interest in AI, fueled by an enormous increase in computing power and an even larger increase in data in combination with improved AI technologies, like deep learning, to develop algorithms. Healthcare is considered the next domain to be revolutionized by Artificial Intelligence. While AI approaches are excellently suited to develop certain algorithms, for clinical patient applications there are specific challenges. We propose recommendations to guide AI projects in clinical healthcare. Objective: Viewpoint on how to use artificial intelligence methods in medical research Methods: NA Results: Recommendations as how to use AI methods in medical and clinical research Conclusions: Improvements in the use of AI methods to analyse medical data are needed to increase development of clinically useful algorithms Clinical Trial: NA
Background: Computer technology and the Internet have rapidly developed that makes the counselors increase options in providing health services to their clients. Objective: This study determined the e...
Background: Computer technology and the Internet have rapidly developed that makes the counselors increase options in providing health services to their clients. Objective: This study determined the effects of e-mail counseling on clients with psychological or physical distress. Methods: The author selected 8 counselors to conduct approximately 7–13 sessions of e-mail counseling for 14 clients. This study divided clients into two experimental groups: one with five college students with disabilities and the other with nine individuals from the general population. Structured questionnaires were administered to the clients and counselors. Nonparametric statistics was used as the analysis method. Results: The results revealed that the psychological or physical distress of the clients significantly improved after e-mail counseling. Conclusions: Online counseling is an effective strategy to offer the colleges with disabilities to deal with their psychological or physical distress.