RefCheck Maintenance Notice

On Monday, December 3, 2018, from 16:00-18:00 EST, RefCheck will be undergoing maintenance. RefCheck is the process where, during copyediting, all references are extracted from the manuscript file, parsed, matched against various databases (eg, PubMed and CrossRef), and automatically corrected. For more information on RefCheck, please visit our Knowledge Base.

Who will be affected?

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Latest Submissions Open for Peer Review

A new feature on the JMIR website, open peer review articles, allows JMIR users to sign themselves up as peer reviewers for specific articles currently considered by the Journal (in addition to author- and editor-selected reviewers). The list below shows recently submitted articles where submitting authors have not opted-out of the open peer-review experiment and where the editor has not made a decision yet. (Note that this feature is for reviewing specific articles - if you just want to sign up as reviewer (and wait for the editor to contact you if articles match your interests), please sign up as reviewer using your profile).
To assign yourself to an article as reviewer, you must have a user account on this site (if you don't have one, register for a free account here) and be logged in (please verify that your email address in your profile is correct). Add yourself as a peer reviewer to any article by clicking the '+Peer-review Me!+' link under each article. Full instructions on how to complete your review will be sent to you via email shortly after. Do not sign up as peer-reviewer if you have any conflicts of interest (note that we will treat any attempts by authors to sign up as reviewer under a false identity as scientific misconduct and reserve the right to promptly reject the article and inform the host institution).
The standard turnaround time for reviews is currently 2 weeks, and the general aim is to give constructive feedback to the authors and/or to prevent publication of uninteresting or fatally flawed articles. Reviewers will be acknowledged by name if the article is published, but remain anonymous if the article is declined.

The abstracts on this page are unpublished studies - please do not cite them (yet). If you wish to cite them/wish to see them published, write your opinion in the form of a peer-review!

Tip: Include the RSS feed of the JMIR submissions on this page on your iGoogle homepage, blog, or desktop RSS reader to stay informed about current submissions!

JMIR Submissions under Open Peer Review

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If you follow us on Twitter, we will also announce new submissions under open peer-review there.

Titles/Abstracts of Articles Currently Open for Review

Titles/Abstracts of Articles Currently Open for Review:

  • Background: To date, no evidence is available about the cost-effectiveness of digital support programs to improve smoking cessation care by healthcare professionals in primary care. Objective: To conduct an economic evaluation of a tailored e-learning program, which successfully improved practice nurses’ smoking cessation guideline adherence, from a societal perspective. Methods: The economic evaluation was embedded in a randomized controlled trial, in which 269 practice nurses recruited 388 smoking patients. Cost-effectiveness was assessed using guideline adherence as effect measure on practice nurse level, and continued smoking abstinence on patient level. Cost-utility was assessed on patient level, using patients’ Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) as effect measure. Results: The e-learning program was likely to be cost-effective on practice nurse level, as adherence to an additional guideline step cost €1,586. On patient level, cost-effectiveness was slightly likely after six months (cost per additional quitter: €7,126), but not after twelve months. The cost-utility analysis revealed slight cost-effectiveness (cost per QALY gained: €18,431) on patient level. Conclusions: Providing practice nurses with a tailored e-learning program is cost-effective to improve their smoking cessation counseling. Cost-effectiveness on patient level was not found, which may result from smoking relapse. Widespread implementation of the e-learning program can improve the quality of smoking cessation care in general practice. Strategies to prevent patients’ smoking relapse should be further explored to improve patients’ long-term abstinence. Clinical Trial: Dutch Trial Register NTR4436; (Archived by WebCite at

  • Traumatic Retropharyngeal Abscess of Insidious Onset -a case report and literature review

    Date Submitted: Nov 25, 2018
    Open Peer Review Period: Dec 3, 2018 - Jan 28, 2019

    Retropharyngeal abscess is an abscess of the deep spaces in the neck which if not treated urgently can be life-threatening as a result of airway compromise. It is important to detect and treat very early. It may arise in pediatrics from direct neck trauma which is not very common and fishbone impaction. Direct anterior neck trauma resulting in insidious retropharyngeal abscess has not been widely reported.

  • Background: Watson for Oncology (WFO) is a artificial intelligence clinical decision-support systems with evidence-based treatment options for oncologists. WFO has been gradually used in China, but limited reports on whether WFO is suitable for Chinese patients. Objective: This study aims to investigate the concordance of treatment options between WFO and real clinical practice at the Second Xiangya Hospital Cancer Center for Cervical cancer patients retrospectively. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 300 cases of cervical cancer patients who were hospitalized at the Second Xiangya Hospital Cancer Center from May 2017 to August 2018. WFO provide treatment options for 246 supported cases. Real clinical practice were defined as concordant if treatment options were designated “recommended” or “for consideration” by WFO. Concordance of treatment option between WFO and real clinical practice was analysed statistically. Results: Treatment concordance between WFO and real clinical practice occurred in 72.8% (179/246) of cervical cancer cases.Logistic regression analysis showed that rural registration residence [0.64(0.427-0.946), P=0.025], advanced age [0.08(0.03-0.28), P=0.032], poor ECOG performance status [0.29(0.083-1.058), P=0.048], stages II-IV disease ([2.08 (1.002-4.325), P=0.046], [2.09(1.001-4.381), P=0.047], [0.19(0.038-0.91), P=0.025], respectively) have remarkable impact on consistency.Pathological type, differentiation degree, lymphatic and distant metastasis were not found to affect concordance.The main reasons attributed to the 27.2% (67/246) of the discordant cases were the substitution of nedaplatin for cisplatin,reimbursement plan of bevacizumab, surgical preference,and absence of neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy and PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies recommendations. Conclusions: WFO recommendations were in 72.8% of concordant with real clinical practice for cervical cancer patients in China. However, several localization and individual factors limit its wider application. So,WFO could be an essential tool but it cannot currently replace oncologists.To be rapidly and fully apply to cervical cancer patients in China, accelerate localization and improvement were needed for WFO.

  • Oncofertility decision support resources for women of reproductive age: a systematic review

    Date Submitted: Oct 31, 2018
    Open Peer Review Period: Nov 3, 2018 - Dec 29, 2018

    Background: Cancer treatments have the potential to cause infertility among women of reproductive age. Many cancer patients do not receive sufficient oncofertility information or referrals to reproductive specialists prior to beginning cancer treatment. While health care providers cite lack of awareness on the available oncofertility resources, the majority of cancer patients utilize the Internet as a resource to find additional information to supplement discussions with their providers. Objective: To identify and characterize existing oncofertility decision support resources for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer. Methods: Five databases and the grey literature were searched from 1994 to 2018. The developer and content information for identified resources was extracted. Each resource underwent a quality assessment. Results: Thirty-one open access resources including four decision aids and 27 health educational materials were identified. The most common fertility preservation options listed in the resources included embryo (100%), egg (100%), and ovarian tissue (97%) freezing. Notably, approximately one-third (35%) contained references and five (16%) had a reading level of grade 8 or below. Resources were of varying quality; two decision aids from Australia and the Netherlands, two booklets from Australia and the United Kingdom, and three websites from Canada and the United States rated as the highest quality. Conclusions: This comprehensive review characterizes numerous resources available to support patients and providers with oncofertility information, counseling, and decision-making. More focus is required to improve the awareness and the access of existing resources among patients and providers. Providers can address patient information needs by leveraging or adapting existing resources to support clinical discussions and their specific patient population. Clinical Trial: NA